Road Bill in 14-Hr. Session

v &


The Weather

Today—Partly cloudy and warmer, high near 80, chance of scattered thun- dershowers in late afternoon or fight.

Thursday—Partly cloudy

Tuesday: High, 72 at 4:40 p. m.; low, 50

and warm.

at 5:45 a. m. (Details, Page 28.)

The Wash









Phone RE.


Copyright 1956

The Washington Post Company


MAY 30, 1956

WTOP Radio (1500) TV (Ch. 9)


79th Year No. 1


Road Bill Passed by Senate After, Long Session

Measure Provides For 40,000-Mile Highway System Costing Billions

Associated Press

The Senate wound up a marathon session early today) by passing a giant highway) bill providing for the biggest) Federal construction pro- gram in peacetime history. |

Passage eame on a voice vole) after the Senate had been in} session more than 14 hours. |

The major provision of the bill sets up a 40,000-mile system | of interstate and defense high- ways connecting 42 state capi- tals and 90 per cent of all cities over 50,000 population.

The bill now goes to confer-| ence with the House, but legis-| ation launching the multi-' billion-dollar program will ppobably be agreed on soon be-| @ause House and Sengte ver- sions differ only in details. |

Most of what President Eisenhower wants in the way | of a highway modernization: program is incorporated in the measure. His plan to finance’ the project with bond issues| was rejected by Congress_last' year, however. |

In the 1956 version, both branches have written in more than 14 billion dollars ini new taxes on highway users to run the program on a pay-as-you- build basis. |

Most of the revenue would| be obtained from a penny hike! in the Federal gasoline tax, now two cents a fallon.

The House bill, passed April 27, call s for 51% billion dol- lars of Federal-state spending on new roads over a 13-year period.

The Senate measure would be about the same if it also were projected over 13 years. But its actual total is only about 37 billion in Federal- state funds because it extends for 13 years only the authori- vation for the40-000-mile inter- state system of super-highways. Allotments for the other three Federal aid road systems would run five years under the Sen- ate provisions

But both also provided ereased Federal funds for the ‘other three systems—the pri- mary, secondary or farm-to- market, and urban

Both bills fix the Federal con- tribution to the interstate net- work at $25 billion, estimated to cover 90 per cent of the cost. At present the matching form- ula on interstate construction is 60-40,. with the Federal Govern- ment putting up the larger amount. It is 50-50 for the other three svstems now

In addition to the increased gas tax, there also would be boosts in the levies on diesel fuel, tires, tread rubber, trucks, buses and trailers


EVERY SUNDAY in | The Washington | Post and Times | Herald

' |

Carleton D. Smith (seated), campaign chair- man of the United Givers Fund, makes it official with the stroke of a pen after six Red Cross chapters of the Washington met- ropolitan area joined the one-package ef-

One-Package Drive



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Area Red Cross Joins

United Givers Fund

By Eve Edstrom

Staf! Reporter

The six Red Cross chapters

of the Washington metropoli-|

tan area joined the United Giv- Fund yesterday, thereby certain that the two largest local fund-raising or- ganizations will take part in next October's first one-pack- age effort here.

The Community Chest, which collected more than $4,060,000 its last drive, has been a

ers making


prime mover in the UGF pic-|

ture and long has announced its intention of joining.

The Red Cross, which raised more than $1.5 million during the spring's campaign, became the first official member of the UGF family to be accepted by

the one-fund drive's admissions.


The total number of agencies who will unite to end Washing- ton’s multiplicity. of campaigns will be announced by June 15, according to E. K. Morris, UGF president.

“Of all the agencies raise funds, all but two been in touch with us,” said yesterday.

Local chapters of the Ameri- can Cancer Society and the Na- tional Foundation for Infantile

who have he

Paralysis have expressed oppo-|

sition to the United Givers Fund idea.

The announcement of the Red Cross’ participation was looked upon, however, as a sure sign of success for the UGF this fall.

Daniel W. Bell, chairman of the District chapter of the Red

Cross. said membership in UGF was approved because: “We felt the community want-

ed a United Fund and what the)

community wants is good for the Red Cross.”

Albert C. Borghi, chairman of the Red Cross’ committee on UGF, announced: the agree- ment, which covers the Red Cross chapters in the District, Alexandria and the counties of Fairfax. Montgomery, Prince Georges and Arlington.

“As a participating organiza- tion, the Red Cross looks for- ward to wholeheartedly and en- thusiastically working with the UGF for the success of the fund campaign,” he told Morris.

Morris said that UGF ac- cepted “in toto” all the Red Cross national policies which govern participation in feder- ated drives.

These include independent budget control, the continuance

of March membership and vol-|

unteer enrollment drives, and the right to raise funds for un- forseen disasters. Bell said disaster campaigns would not one-fund concept because pub-

lic reaction to them is “spon-


Under the specified condi- tions, the Red Cross already participates in one-package drives in 580 out of 830 United Fund cities.

The money goal of the first UGF drive will be the total of the funds raised by participat- ing agencies during their last campaign. This has been esti- mated in the neighborhood of $7 million.

By Wally McNamee, Staff Photographer fort here. From left, Daniel W. Bell, chair- man of the District Chapter of the Red Cross: E. K. Morris, UGF president; and Al- bert C. Borghi, chairman of the Red Cross" Committee on UGF.


Man Rescued

From Rock in Mid-Potomac

A Chevy Chase man was marooned on a rock in the

interfere with the

‘half a mile above Chain Bridge for more than an hour last night while police mobilized rescue atlempts.

Guy S. Fairland, 24, of 3700 Manor rd., Chevy Chase, finally was saved by an Arlington ele- vator repair supervisor who got to the scene in his own 14-foot outboard motor boat before the police.

According to Harbor Police Lt. T. E. Namey, fairland and Glenn E. Heaton, 23, 16 Mount Eagle pl. Alexandria, rented a canoe yesterday and set off to shoot the rapids. The canoe overturned but the pair, both students, hung on as the canoe. whirled downstream

Heaton’s hold was dislodged when the canoe hit a rock and he swam nearly 300 yards to shore on the District side. Fair- land scrambled up on a rock in midstream.

Heaton summoned police to come pull Fairland off the rock. The District Rescue Squad, the Bethesda-Chevy Chase Rescue Squad, a police


Clements Winner in


Bates’ Manager Concedes Defeat Early in Count Of Primary Vote

| LOUISVILLE, Ky., May 29 /P)—Sen. Earle C. Clements, the Democratic whip, tonight won renomination and a re- sounding victory over the State administration of Gov. A. B. Chandler in the Ken- tucky primary.

Clements was leading for- mer Rep. Joe B. Bates, who was supported by Chandler in a bitter factional fight, by 77,- 852 votes with 2899 of the State's 4036 precincts counted.

Clements’ jubilant headquar ters claimed victory at 11:08 p. m. CDT. Before that Cle-

‘nts would only say he was

sasonably sure” of winning.

Bates telegraphed Clements, “I congratulate you on your victory.”

Chandler said in a statement “It is apparent that Sen. Cle- ments has won our Party's. re- nomination for United States Senator. | offer him my sin- cere congratulations and pledge him my support in the fall cam- paign.”

_ Kentucky Democrats into factions headed by



ments and Chandler during last! ubernatorial primary, States Court of Appeals in the

|pear's ‘when Clements backed Bert T. Combs against Chandler. The Governor later pledged he would defeat Clements.

Bates’ campaign manager, Charlies M. Blackburn, waited about an hour after the polls

Potomac River rapids about had shut down to concede de-


Chandler said “It's obvious” Clements has won.

Returns from 2998 of Ken- tucky’s 4036 precincts wave Clements 176,750; Bates 98.563. and a third candidate, James L. Delk, 3100.

Former Rep. Thurston B Morton was of the Republican nomination. He gave up a post as Assistant

17 secretary of state in the Eisen-

hower Administration to make the race.

Returns from 2893 precincts

gave Morton 32.811: former State Sen. Julian H. Golden 7360, and Granville Thomas. 3304.

Morton claimed victory and declared “beginning tomorrow morning | am launching my campaign to win election in November.”

Six of Kentucky's eight United States Representatives who had opposition in today’s primary led in their races for renomi- nation.


were Democrats Noble

But Is Taxable as Income



| By Bernard

The Internal Revenue Serv- ice yesterday dispelled a cloud |hanging over jobless-pay plans, ‘ruling that supplemental un- employment benefits are not wages.

The decision reinforces a similar stand taken by 18 states and the District of Co- lumbia permitting workers to draw unemployment compensa- tion and company-financed sup- plements at the same time.

Russell C. Harrington, Reve. nue Commissioner, also ruled, however, that workers must pay Federal income tax on the supplements, State’ benefits are not taxable

The ruling comes on the eve of the first supplemental bene-

Speculation Feared

Appeal Urged by NCHA On Home Payment Ruling

By Robert

Stal Reporter

The National Capital Hous- ing Authority yesterday added its voice to demands for a Gov- ernment appeal from the May 17 decision of the United

Mayme J. Riley condemnation case.

The decision already has up- set pending -agreements on three land purchases by NCHA, the Authority said. The ruling will “encourage speculation and conspiracy” by slum traders, it charged and could raise the cost of scarce public housing sites above legal limits and kill some presently planned proj- ects.

“Such a development would be a disastrous blow to the urban renewal and redevelop- ment program in the District,”

apparent winner the Authority's General Coun-

sel, William R. Simpson Jr., wrote the Justice Department, “since available sites for public housing within our budget are practically nonexistent.”

The District Redevelopment Land Agency already has urged the Justice Department to seek a reconsideration of the 2-1 ap-

Whooping Crane Hatched in Zoo

(Picture on Page 3.) NEW ORLEANS, May 29 & The only pair of whooping

scout car, a Harbor patrol boat’ J. Gregory, William H. Natcher. ST@™*5 '" captivity hatehed a and two motorcycle policemen) Brent Spence, John C. Watts and chick from. one of their two responded. But they had no Carl D. Perkins, and Republican eggs today

boat capable of negotiating the rapids. While they sent for one, Tom-

my Bridges, 829 N. Buchanan Democrat, had no opposition but George

st. Arlington, an elevator re- pair supervisor, came along in his motorboat and went to the

Gene Siler Reps. John M. Robsion Jr., Republican, and Frank Chelf.

will have opponents in Novem ber

Clements thanked Blackburn

The offspring “looks fine and seems to be all right.” said Douglass, director of Park Zoo. “We

the second one

Auduben hope

the just

rescue. Bridges told police he for “congratulations on my -ap- hatches now.”

was familiar with the river at that point.

Fairland was transferred from Bridges’ boat to the har-

parent renomination,” declaring it “sets a fine example for all Democrats to follow.”

The sudden concession came

The two eggs were laid four days apart, and Josephine, the mother, was still sitting on the other egg. Crip, the father, is

bor police boat and taken to with returns in from only 181\the “most attentive I've ever

Baxter’s Boathouse near Key

Bridge on the District side.


N. Y. District Attorney Investigates

Informer Says Galindez Was Hurled

NEW YORK, May 29 (\#—The district attorney today

tor Rafael Trujillo, died in the boiler of a Dominican ship last March.

jillo regime, disappeared in

found no clues to his’ fate. Today representatives


‘“underground” dis-|was thrown into the boiler be- ‘closed investigation of a report/tween March 13 and 16. that Dr. Jesus de Galindez, foe, of Dominican Republic dicta-'people “close to Trujillo” who) ‘are working with the ‘Revolu- ‘tionary Party. Silfa said source of the infor-. Dr. Galindez, Spanish-born mation was crew members of professor at Columbia Universi-| the ship who “saw him thrown ty and writer against the Tru-

Dominican Revolutionary Par- ty demonstrated outside offices Deen subpenaed. ‘lof Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr.,' legal counsel to the Dominican said two ships of the Domin- , New York

Nicholas Silfa, of the Revo-\harbor during the period tothe book lutionary Party, said he learned w from the Dominican Republic} The district attorney’s office into print.”

that Galindez

He said the report came from

alive into the boiler.”

Alive Into Boiler of Dominican Ship

declined to say what it hoped to learn from the agent, the New York and Cuba Mail Steamship Co. .

Anti-Trujillo Dominican picket signs read:

“Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr., ‘would your father approve your representing Trujillo even for

a month?”

The Dominican Republic In-

fermation Center issued a state-


Later District Attorney Frank ment criticizing a book by De

March. Police have previously §, Hogan's office said Silfa had)Galindez, ‘been questioned and records Of were published today by the of the the New York agent of the Do-\wew York Times.

‘minican Steamship Line

The district attorney's office

ican Line were in

hich Silfa referred.


excerpts of which

The book, the Times said, ac-


The Information Center said “appears to contain inothing .. . not previously put

precincts showing Clements with a 8922 lead over Bates.

Clements’ campaign chair- jman, William A. Young, said ‘the second Senate seat opened ‘up by the late Democratic Sen. Alben W. Barkley’s death of a heart attack April 30 “had not been discussed.”

The Democratic State Com- ;mittee, a majority of which consists of Clements support- ers, is to name a nominee to run in the Nov. 6 general elec tion

seen of animals in the zoo,”

Douglass said.

Stef Reporter

Revenue Rules Idle Aid Ahead in 22 y Firms Is Not Wages Convention

D. Nossiter

Vote Races

Contest So Close Absentee Ballots Could Be Factor In Deciding Issue

——_ -_——

C. Albrook

pellate finding that a $7000 jury award for the Riley house was too low since it left Mrs. Riley owing $1900 on the three mort- gages it carried.

The court held that leaving Mrs. Riley that much in debt on the house interfered with her Constitutional rights of home ownership, “the highest form of property known to the lew.”

The Housing and Home Fi- nance Agency, it was learned, also will support an appeal. HHFA Urban Renewal Com.- missioner James W. Follin, speaking in St. Louis yester- day to a group of housing of- ficiais, said the decision raised “a serious question” whether the federally aided redevelop- ment program could go for- ward ona “‘ull-fledged” basis. The RLA offered $6250 for the Riley house, at 823 Delaware ave. w.. in 1954 when it moved in to clear the _ sur- rounding 8& acres for rede- velopment. Mrs. Riley asked«a trial, and a District Court jury awarded $7000. This she also turned down, afd the Appeals Court set the verdict aside, or- dering further lower court pro. ceedings.

Six months before Mrs. Riley bought the house in 1951. Mor-

See RLA, Page 16, Col, 4


Area Searched For Missing Bov

Metropolitan and Prince Georges County police and Prinée Georges County volun teer firemen searched in woods in Hillcrest Heights last night and early today for an S-year~<ld boy last seen headed for the woods at 8 p. m.

County police said » Gary Lewis Smith, son of Mr. and Mrs.. Dan Smith, 2503 South. ern ave., wandered away from the back yard of his home’ where he had gone to play Neighbors reported seeing him inear the woods.

fit payments by ford, General! fraction of the 167,000 unem-| ployed in the auto industry be-| beginning June 4.

They will now get the full Internal Revenue had ruled the henefits constituted wages,

By Douglas B. Cornell cut at least 20 per cent by with- MIAMI. Fla.. M é D MIAMI, Fla., Ma (

holding and Social Security y 20 would have had to pay the 2. thin’ shaky edge and ap- per-cent Social Security and 3- peared likely to hold it to- on the supplements : ~ " ;

Even more important, Rev- With Sen. Estes Kefauver in

See PAY, Page 16, Col.1 _idential primary.

: a dy | The former Illinois Governor. pace, a nose ahead of the Ten- | And precincts | tery generally regarded as leane ing toward Stevenson. returns from 1641 of 1778 pre- cincts cent

Kefauver 200,963 or 49.5 per Stevenson leading for 22 of 28 Florida votes at the Demo Stevenson's share of the vote had been inching up - percept- continuation of the trend would assure him a slender margin Still, there was a chance the outcome of the only Kefauver- would be determined finally by the absentee vote to be tabu- or even in the official canvass to be made next week. the primary

President Eisenhower snowed land of California, who wasn’t an actual competitor, in the

These were the GOP stand- ings in 1283 of 1778 precints. cent.

Knowland 1879 or 5 per cent, State-wide edge, Stevenson was ahead for 12 votes at large at vention. And he led in five of eight congressional districts tion votes. That put the Ke fauver share at six. counting, the gap between the rival Democrats was inconclu- ‘Jumped back and forth from one to the other. ed, so did the claims on the bulk of the state’s 28 votes Convention in August.

Stevenson was on top by 154 by only 28, then Stevenson again by a couple of hundred, two-thirds point in the count- ing of returns. course, was a walkaway for

President Eisenhower, who had

Motors and Chrysler. A small comes eligible in the pay period pay called for in the plans. If their checks would have been! taxen. Smectet, badiesers Adlai E. Stevenson seized a per-cent unemployment levies night in a close, hard battle enue officials said, the plans the Florida Democratic pres- |was moving along at a steady inessee Senator. ‘still uncounted were in terri These were the standings in Stevenson 206,590 or 50.5 per cent cratic National Convention. agewise, to the point that a of victory on a state-wide basis, Stevenson primary in Dixie lated over the next three days, One thing was certain about under Sen. William F. Know- Republican end of the balloting, Eisenhower 37,742 or 95 per By reason of his slender the Democratic National Con- with a total of 10 more conven- All through the early ballot \sively narrow. And the lead Each time the margin shift at the Democratic National votes, the Tennessee Senator And so it went, on past the The Republican primary, of | See FLORIDA, Page 2, Col, 2

Purge Reported in the South

Russia Executes Azerbaijan Premier

And 3 Others as Henchmen of Beria

for the remaining four

years of Barkley’s term. (Picture on Page 16) The GOP state committee is A BS . | to meet Saturday to decide) MOSCOW, May 29 (®—Mir whether to appoint a nominee Dzhafar Bagirov, former Pre- or have one chosen in a pri- mier of Azerbaijan, has been mary executed with three other for- that Soviet

. mer officials of

, io. a

ey were convicted as ac

ia Today 5 Index scieatlece of the former Soviet | Page | Page police boss Lavrenty Beria, Alsops 25 Herblock 24 executed as a traitor in 1953. | Amusem'ts 32-33 | Horoscope 47 They were convicted also of Childs ......24 Keeping Well 46 counter-revolutionary activity, City Life 27 Movie Guide 31 use of improper police meth- Classified 34-43 | Obituaries ...28 ods, intrigue against faithful Comics .. .46-49 | Parsons .....32 Communists and loyal. Soviet se-


Editorials ...24 i Events Today 28 | Federal Diary 27 Financial .18-19 Go 48

Sports .


Weather ....28' The Worker, that

Winchell ... 45 | Moscow today.

Women’s .29-31' The other men executed


were M. D. Barshchev, H. I. Grigoryan and Lt. Gen. R. A. Markaryan of the state secu- rity services. 7

Two other defendants, 5S. 5 Ibrogimovich, a tormer vice commissar of state security, and S. Emelyanov, a former people's commissar of state security in Azerbaijan, were sentenced to 25 years.

During their public trials held in Baku April 12 to 26, Bagirov was accused specifical- ly of acting with Beria in in- triguing against “that outstand- ing Communist, Sergei Ord- zhonikicze,” who died in 1947. At Beria’s trial, testimony re-

Party secretaries in Azerbaijan and a former Premier there, Musa Bakon Danzansa. Bagirov was made an alter- nate member of the Presidium

of the Communist Party through Beria’s intercession in March, 1953, soon after Stalin's death, Radio Moscow an- nouncea the following July 18 that Bagirov had been dis- missed as Premier because of

“gross bureaucracy.” Bagirov's execution may mean trials for other Beria henchmen in the republics of Armenia and Georgia. The for- mor Armenian Communist Par- ty chief, Grigory Arutinov, and the former Georgian Premier, Valerian Bakradze, were arf- after Beria’s downfall

- THE WASHINGTON POST and TIMES i W ednesday, May 30, 1956





Adlai’ S Handlers


He'll Win i in California

Internationa! News

Getting a Kick Out of Campaign

Mrs. Thomas S. Ryan of Artesia, Calif., Mrs. Richard M. Nixon, wife of the Vice President,

sister-in-law of may

not be wearing a campaign butten—but her presidential

preference is revealed by the “I Like Ike”




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FLORIDA—From Pq. l Adlai Leading Florida Vote

competition in name only from Sen. William F. Knowland of California. In many precincts, election officials didn't even bother to turn in the Republi can count

The only other event in the primary of more than passing national interest was scrap over election of a. Democratic national committeeman from the state. Party loyalty was at issue.

Florida Democrats their present national teeman, who was censured the State Democratic tee last spring for failing to support Stevenson as the 1952 Democratic presidential can didate

Jerry W. Carter, who has said he will support the Party's presidential choice this year or quit, easily took the measure of the incumbent commitice man, Richard D. Barker

A few run-offs for sheriff ard other local offices drew voter attention in some parts. of the State

But the big battle, naturally was the Kefauver-Stevenson affair

A complete count from Miami and Dade County gave Steven son a margin there of nearly 4000 votes—46.209 to 42,27! That was at least a partial, and perhaps strategic victory for Stevenson, as Kefauver had made a strong showing there in the 1952 primary “Stevenson definitely captured areas along the Gulf Coast where many ‘“Ssenior citizens,” have come to retire. He said at Vallejo, Calif... tonight he was happy about that, although early returns from Florida were



- . 00 inconclusive to pont to the

nal outcome.


{jade\ a = /Be wu

1018 Vermont Ave. N.W.

Sakhe Served in Wr'stiing Oeps


For Res. EX. 3-5474. Sun. 5-10


By Edward T. Folliard

Staf Reporter


Adiai Stevenson was told by| his campaign managers here | today that he looked like a cer-|

tain winner over Sen. Estes Ke.

Tennessee in presidential next Tuesday.

He heard

fauver of

that he was far

‘ahead of Kefauver in San Fran-


gencrally, and that

lanywhere near as strong in the

| Los


win by a

“landslide.” A victory

Cali-' primary!



and northern California! if he was!

Angeles area he ought to)


‘would give him 68 more votes'|

| |

| Los ithe kind


the Democratic Convention in mid-August.

Stevenson, Angeles,

paign that was waged in Flor- ida last week, and expressed the hope that the one in Calli-

fornia would be an a higher’


Arriving in San Francisco by air, Stevenson ignored Ke- fauver and trainee his fire on the Eisenhower Administra- tion. He said cratic tide running country this year” the Democrats who told him of his roseate outlook in the primary confessed to reporters that “I Like Ike” sentiment still was powerful in California, and that the President ap- peared to be a cinch to carry the Golden State in November. They said Vice President Nixon would “hurt” him if he is on the 56 ticket, but not enough to lose the state.

Stevenson, in a speech at the San Francisco Press and Union League Club, attacked Presi- dent Eisen*ower, trying 0 show that he was not giving America the kine of leadership that was needed in this “peril- ous stage of history.”

He recalled an 8-point speech made bv President Eisenhower on April 17

“First, he (the President) said he is unequivocally in favor of ihe supreme importance of ne individual. And | agree with him

“Second, he proclaimed the importance of spiritual values. | take it we are agreed on that.

“Third, he is unequivocally in favor of prosperity, peace, plenty. and happiness. Any- body here against that?

“Fourth, he said Government must concern itself with hu- man misfortune though of course he cast the usual Re- yublican anchor to windward by saying we must be careful not to impair the initiative or ineentive of the unfortunate.

“Fifth, he announced that one and all should cooperate for the common good. Any- body here against that?

‘Sixth, seventh and eighth, he came out boldly in favor of \oraham Lincoln, declared ‘hat America must be pre- pared to defend herself, and ¢ said we must promote free- dom and justice and peace.

“Now that is the program that the President put forth as his contribution to the na- tional debate of 1956. That was what the President said—and that was all he said.

‘And I say to you that how- ever lofty his sentiments, how- ever good his intentions, this is not the kind of leadership we require as We venture upon the perilous stage of history in the last half of the 20th century— particularly when there are lurking in the wings the Vice President esteems so highly and the old guard stage man- agers of the Republican Party.”

Stevenson charged that in the Eisenhower Administration the farmers’ income has been “chopped to pieces,” and that the farm depression is spread: ing to cities

He charged nothing was be- ins done to meet the national emergency in our schools, and that the Administration op- poses every new move to help older people

He went on to say that Pres- ident Eisenhower remains lent in the face of _ terrific tension created by the Su- preme Court's ruling against segregation in the schools

in the But even



R. E. BUCKLEY, President

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Estes in Final California Stand


By Robert C. Albright Siaf? Reporter

LOS ANGELES, Calif., May 29.——Estes Kefauver flew to Cal- ifornia today for a final bitter ‘round with Adlai Stevenson for \this state’s 68 Democratic con- vention votes.

The Senator was delayed in

|New Orleans several hours to- day when his plane developed

engine troubie.

The pattern of Kefauver's California campaign appears ir- revocably set: he will continue to challenge Sievenson person- ally, just as he has done in

‘Florida, on the old age security.

civil rights and anti-monopoly issues

He will raise the cry of “boss- ism” against the California

Democratic organization sup-

|porting Stevenson much as he accused six Florida Democratic

congressmen of “ganging up” against him

And he will in all probability question Stevenson's position on three other issues of special interest to this section: public

power, REA cooperatives and

the recently vetoed Natural Gas

By Charles Del Vecchio Staff Photorrapher

Eric Sevareid, author and radio news analyst, meets Monica Boheman, daughter of Swedish Ambassador Erik Bohcman,

at the American Shoreham Hotel yesterday,

Capital News Problem Cited by Erie Sevareid

News analyst Eric Sevareid said yesterday that getting news in Washington is “infinitely harder than it should be if those who tell us all is peace, pros- perity and contentment are cor- rect.”

“I do not expect any govern- ment to conduct a searching self-examination in public; that is not the way of politicians in office,” the CBS chief Washing- ton correspondent said. “I don't expect the Government not to play favorites in the press—the favorites of course being those who find no fault with it. But I do expect the unchallenged right to point that out.”

Sevareid spoke yesterday at a luncheon of the American Book- ellers Association 56th Anniver- sary Convention and Trade Ex- hibit in the Shoreham Hotel.

“I do not expect a cessation of the subtle art of ‘managing’ the news, deliberately smother- ing out an unfavorable story, for example, by releasing a more exciting favorable story. This is not the frst Administra- tion to resort to this practice, though .i is the first to raise it to the f'ne art it is today,” he szid

Warning of the dangers of nationa' complacency, the news commentator noted that the “profoundly disturbing news” that Russian air power ex ceeds our own “has caused hardly a ripple of concern among the peop+ ind in the press.”

Sevareid said “both Govern- ment an.! most of .he big press wou'd huve us believe Heaven is at las achie ed and-it will be roses, roses all the way. | hope it will be roses all the way, but it’s not the business of the * free American press to assume it will.’

“Most people vote, and decide, on end results, not on trends,” he said. “That's pdrtly because they can’t detect the trends: one reason they can’t is that so many who can aren't troubling to /point them out often and insistently enough.”

H. Joseph Houlihan of Lex- ington, Ky. was elected pres-

—_——— i

ie ee Area Labor Units |

To W eigh Merger

Associated Press A proposed merger will be

the principal item of business |

next Monday at the convention of the Maryland ard District of Columbia Federation of Labor.

The proposal to unite with the CIO Maryland Industrial Union Council would carry out at the state level a merger that took place at the national level many months ago.

Meeting jointly with the AFL federation at the convention \will be Labor’s League for Po- litical Education, the political arm of the State AFL.

Churchill on Vacation Reuters

NICE, France, Mav 29—Sir Winston Churchill arrived here by air today from London to join Lady Churchill for a 2- week vacation in the south of | France. |


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Booksellers where Sevareid spoke.

Association exhibit at the

ident of the ABA yesterday at the annual membership meet- ing. Elected vice presidenis were Samuel Pocker of Pocker’s Inc., in Washington; Cynthia Walsh of Northamp- ton, Mass., and Georgia Leckie of Atlanta, Ga. Gordon W. Bryant of Boston, Mass., was reelected secretary and Charles H. Reed of New Brunswick, N. J., aS treasurer. Among those named as directors was Doris Thompson of the Francis Scott Key Bookshop, 28th and O st. nw.

Afternoon events included panels on problems in book store operation and a reception by the Women’s National Book Association

Oxford University Press entertained at a party in honor of J. R. Wiggins, executive editor of The Washington Post and Times Herald, whose book entitled “Freedom or Secrecy” is coming out this fall.

Supreme Court Justice Wil- liam O. Douglas was honor guest of Dcubleday & Co.. which will. publish his new book, “Russian Journey.”

Two District Heights, Md.. children, Constance Nielsen, 8. of 7301 District Heights pkwy.. and Phillip Koper, 10, of 7500 Foster st.. will receive ABA awards today from Exccutive Secretary Joseph A. Duffy for reading 250 books since’ the start of the school term.

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Before flying to California, and obviously before entering Florida for the last ten days of campaigning, a basic stratcgy decision was reached by Kefau- ver and the men immediately around him.

Defeat in the Oregon prima- ries had jolted them badly From this northwest reversal, Fefauver drew one object les- son: he couldn't beat out Ste- venson for the Democratic nom- ination by running against

|President Eisenhower.

And final reservations about Stevenson disap- peared when the former Illinois governor on an earlier trip to Florida criticized the Tennes- sean's absences from the Sen- ate and questioned his White House qualificationg, Kefauver aides say.

Kefauver first let fly at his opponent last Tuesday. He has continued to attack him directly nearly every day since. His Cal ifornia plans call for more of the same, only rougher, regard- less of what happens in Florida

Opinions may differ on what effect this sort of campaign will have on Kefauver'’s long-shot chances as well as Stevenson's prospects for the nomination Some even may question its propriety.

But more and more observers are reaching the conclusion that come what may. Kefauver is out to “rough up” Stevenson so badly that he may have seri- ous difficulty in winning the No