JPRS 78702 7 August 1981

Worldwide Report


No. 318



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JPRS 786702

7 Auguaet 1981




South Proposes Federally Funded Program for Murray River (Peter Blunden; THE AUSTRALIAR, 1 Jul 81) seer eeeeeeeeeeeeee 1

State OK for Limited Moreton Sand Mining Stirs Uproar (THE COURIER-MAIL, 24 Jun, 1 Jul 81) CORRE eee ee 3

6.4 Percent for Exploitation Editorial Report /opeal to Prime Minister

Briefs Shale Waste Study Oil Spill Fine Union Development Ban Parks-Fishing Conflict Chemicals Monitoring System PCB Disposal Problem

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Regulations Set Target Dates on Effluent Discharge Limits (Li Shui Hua ; THE MUSLIM, 390 Jun 81) eeeee ee ee eee eee eee eens 8


Trees Planted To Offset Manila Pollution (Brenda P. Tuazon; BULLETIN TODAY, 16 Jul 81) ..cccccccccccs 10

-a- {III - Ww - 139]


Pesticides Cause Serious Agricultural Pollution (CHINA POST, 16 Jul 81) eee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeereeee eee ee eee ee


High Level of Ghemical Contaminants in Food (Wirasak Salayakanond; BUSINESS TIMES, 6 Jum BL) cccccccnns


1D8 To Loan $4 Million for Soil Improvement Scheme (ADVOCATE -NEWS , 26 Jun 81) eee ee eeereeeeeeereeee eee eeeeeeeeee ©


Government To Provide Water to All Villages by 1986 (Solomon Lotshe ; DALLY NEWS, 29 Jun 81) PTE TELE ELELEEE

Briefs Rains End Drought


Drought Difficulties, Measures Reported (NEW NIGERIAN, 1 Jul 81) eee ereeeeeeeeeeeeeer ee eeeeeeeeeereeeee

Floods Reported Causing Damage, Deaths (DALLY TIMES, 29, 20 Jun 81) eeeeeeeeeeeeeeer eee eee eeeeeereeee

Traders Driven Out Railway Blamed for Deaths

Briefs Cooperation With France Tree Planting

Oil Spillage TANZANIA

Briefs Dust, Stone Particles Pollution










Eskimos Unite Against Canadian Tanker Route Plan (GRONLANDS POSTEN, 25 Jun 81) eeeeeeeeeee eee eee eee eeeeeeeee

Canadian Side Offers New Greenland Tanker Route Plan (GRONLANDS POSTEN, 25 Jun 81) eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee


Campaign Against Litter Reported (CYPRUS MAIL, 3 Jul 81) eee eee eee eee eee eee eee eee eee ee ee eee


Twelve Towns Reportedly Dangerously Polluted (Abduliah Ogu Laus ; MILLIYET, 9 Jun 81) eeeeeeereeeeeeeeeeee






[Text] A $400 million federally-financed project should be undertaken to save the beleaguered River Murray, the South Australian Government proposed yesterday.

It said the Federal, NSW, Victorian and South Australian Governments should combine to provide a permanent solution to the growing salinity threaiening the country's most important river system.

The move comes after months of bitter wrangling between the States, triggered by deteriorating water quality in the river.

Experts claim that unless swift and unified action is taken, the water in parts of the river, particularly its lower reaches, will become unfit for human con- sumption.

The South Aus*ralian Premier, Mr Tonkin, and his Minister for Water Resources, Mr Arnold, appealed to the Federal Government to consult the three States to negotiate a River Mur ay salinity mitigation package.

Their proposal seeks an investment ., the Federal Goverment of $50 million in providing grants for two criticel salinity mitigation wo°ks—-the Lake Tyrell scheme and the Kerang region de-watering scheme.

The Lake Tyrell scheme to divert 90,000 tonnes of salt to evaporation basins every year has been deferred by the Victorian Government which, however, is go- ing ahead with the Kerang plan to divert 16,000 tonnes of salt a year.

The South Australian Government also wants $50 million for the provision of low- interest loans to farmers on the Murray-Darling stem to help them improve irri- gation systems and practices.

But tue biggest investment sought is $300 million for the Federal Government to provide grants to fund detailed investigation, design and construction of further salinity mitigation schemes.

This program will concentrate primarily on the interception of salt outflow caused by such river structures as dams and weirs and preventing salt inflow from tributaries.

Key lasue

The proposal will be a key issue at the summit meeting of the Federal and three State Governments at Wentworth, NSW, on July 17.

South Australia wants to initiate negotiations with the NSW, Victorian and South Australian Governments for a new River Murray Waters Agreement.

The scheme also calls for the three State Governments to order a moratorium on large-scale irrigation diversions until sufficient salinity mitigation works and measures are implemented or until their effect on salinity is shown to be acceptable.

Mr Tonkin said yesterday: "Right now, the future prosperity and well-being of more than one million Australians is threatened. This submission proposes a permanent solution to the problem.

"It's about time we got the Murray sorted out--this problem has plagued Australia since Federation.”

The South Australian Government has sent a copy of the report outlining the pacakge to the Prime Minister, Mr Fraser, the NSW Premier, Mr Wran, and Vic- toria’s Premier, Mr Thompson.

Mr Tonkin said the cost of the scheme appeared formidable, but was reasonable when compered with other national projects such as the Snowy Mountains Scheme ($3000 million).

CSO: 5000/7578


STATE OK FOR LIMITED MORETON SAND MINING STIRS UPROAR 6.4 Percent for Exploitation Brisbane THE COURTER-MAIL in English 24 Jun 81 pp 1,10

[Excerpts] The State Government sparked a controversy yesterday with its decision to allow sand mining on 6.4 percent of Moreton Island.

The decision concludes with the release of a Griffith University survey showing 68.1 percent of people oppose mining on the island, and ignores the lobby conser- vationists.

It comes at a time of a world slump for mineral sands and has angered both con- servationists and some government members.

The Liberal Member for Toowong, Mr Prentice, said last night he would move in the government joint parties meeting today to have the decision overturned.

Mr Prentice, who is against any mining, said the decision was a "sad" one and he would be scudying parliamentary procedures to see if it could be stopped.

But the Premier Mr Bjelke-Petersen, defending tne decision, said: "Moreton Island will be rehabilitated after the mining people have been there in such a way you won't recognise it."

The Queensland Chamber of Mines president, Mr Doug Trave, warned last night the State Government could face large compensation claims from some mining companies who will be asked to relinquish leases on the island under the 6.4 percent mining restriction of the decision.

Three companies now hold 16 leases covering more than 2000 hectares of 12 percent of the island.

Mr Bjelke-Petersen said the State Government would now establish two special advisory committees to formulate a strategy for the island's development.

One would develop mining strategy and the other would plan long-term management programs for the island. The aim was to preserve Moreton's important features.

Acceptance of the Cook report meant that 91.2 percent of the island, 28 kilo- metres Off Brisbane, would be designated national park.

After allowing for mining, the remaining 2.4 percent would be allocated for other uses, including road construction.

Defending the limited sand mining decision, Mr Bjelke-Petersen said it would protect loose sand from being blown into the island's lakes.

Mr Bjleke-Petersen said the committee looking at long-term management would look at the “big threat" that unchecked tourism was causing.

Like Fraser Island, people were “tramping" all over the place, "running" (vehicles) over the dunes and “pushing” sand around.

Last night the State Opposition, which opposed any mining development, said the decision represented what it termed a "kick in the guts” for the Liberal Party.

The Deputy Opposition Leader, Mr D'Arcy, said that its supporters would be in- censed by the agreement of Liberal ministers to mining.

Mr D'Arcy said the National Party, because it was not interested politically in the island, had ignored the likely consequences.

The Griffith University survey showed only 12.3 percent favoured limited mining, and 6.2 percent uncontrolled mining.

The survey, conducted in an area from the New South Wales border north to the Noosa Shire and went to the Great Dividing Range, was commissioned by the Queens- land Conservation Council and carried out by the Griffith University Institute

of Applied Social Research.

Queensland Labor Senator Colston has called for a referendum to decide the island's future. “Any sand mining on Moreton Island could only be described as environmental rape."

The area to be mined sounded smell, he said, but it represented some of the most fragile sections of the island. "To expect that the beach will return to its original state is to believe in miracles," he said.

Moreton Island Protection Committee president, Mr Don Henry, said it was vital that the last unspoiled sand island in the Moreton region be left in its natural state.

"We don't have to take our mineral sands from a place like this," he said. There are other places. This is craw."

Mr Henry said he had not given up hope. "We need to get enough people showing that they care. If they care for the island, they need to stand up and say it to the politicians."

Since the government decision was announced, he had received a constant stream of phonecalls in support of the cause. “And it's not just a small fraction of the community. It's the whole range,” he said.


aaa ——

Decision Ramifications

[Editorial Report) Brisbane's THE COURIER-MAIL in English on 25 June 1981, page page 1, and on 26 June, pages 1 and 2, under the rubric "The Moreton Sand Storm," carries articles on follow-up developments to the Queensland decision to allow sand mining on 6.4 percent of Moreton Island. The paper on 25 June notes that despite suggestions from some quarters, the Federal Government "would not interfere in the Moreton Island dispute by refusing expoct permits" for the mined sand. A related article describes the huge bank and insurance company inte ests that stand to benefit from any exploitation of Moreton's mineral sand:. A front-page story on the 26th notes that Mineral Deposits Ltd. would build "barracks" for 150 mining employees on Moreton, once operations are set to get underway, in addition to other company facilities. Tentative plans for introduction of a bill in the Federal Parliament to prevent the export of Moreton minerals are described in a page 2 article.

Appeal to Prime Minister Brisbane THE COURIER-MAIL in English 1 Jul 81 p 3

[Excerpts] The Brisbane City Council unanimously voted yesterday to call on ‘he Prime Minister, Mr Fraser, to stop sand mining on Moreton Island.

He could do this by using powers under the Heritage Act, which lists the island on the Register of National Estate, or by refusing to grant export licences for sand mined there.

Petitions opposing mining will be placed in council ward offices and libraries, and these will be presented to State Parliament.

The document calls on Mr Fraser to “act in the best interests of the citizens of Brisbane to halt the exploitation of the island by sand mining."

The resolution was introduced by the Lord Mayor, Alderman Sleeman, during the council's weekly meeting yesterday and was adopted unopposed.

The petition calls on the State Government to declare immediately the whole of Moreton Island a national park, with the exception of towns, tourist resorts, airstrips and the lighthouse reserve.

CSO: 5000/7578



SHALE WASTE STUDY--A team of chemical engineers at Queensland University has started work on a $141,252 project to establish a data bank on the problems of waste disposal at Australian oil shale processing plants. Dr Peter Bell, a member of the team said it was important that future planning and costing be done on a basis of factual information. This was the role of the project which was being funded over a three-year period by the National Energy Research Devel- opment and Demonstration Council. Dr Bell said that proce. sed oil shale could have an adverse effect on the environment, largely because organic and inorganic compounds it contained could enter streams and underground water resources. Rainwater could seep through the spent shale, leaching out and carrying down into the water table organic material which might be carcinogenic (cancer causing). There was also a possibility that ground water could rise and enter the shale heaps by capillary action, thus becoming polluted. The disposal of water naturally contained within the shale (approximately 4 percent) and re- leased during the extraction process would also be looked at closely. The re- searchers have set up a mini-pilot plant in the university's department of chem- ical engineering, where they are extracting oil from samples of shale from the Rundle area. Dr Bell said the data which he and his colleagues were gathering should enable the adoption o. extraction procedures which would be more cost effective and pose the least possible threat to the environment. [Text]

[Brisbane THE COURIER-MAIL in English 30 Jun 81 p 18]

OIL SPILL FINE--An oil company was yesterday fined $500 in connection with the

spillage of about 6800 litres of petrol at Port Stanvac in South Australia last November. Mobil Oil Australia pleaded guilty in the Adelaide Magistrates Court to breaching the Prevention of Pollution to Waters by Oil Act. Mr B.M. Selway. prosecuting, said the spillage was caused by a severed oil hose on the vessel,

the Mobile Acme. [Text] [Canberra THE AUSTRALIAN in English 2 Jul 81 p 26]

UNION DEVELOPMENT BAN--Brisbane--Queensland unions have banned any new develop- ment projects in Gladstone until essential community services catch up with the boom there. Meeting in Gladstone yesterday, more than 4000 blue-and-white collar u.ionists authorised the State Trades and Labor Council to review any future projects before agreeing to work on them. The decision could ~ean an abrupt end to the explosive expansion of Gladstone, which in recen years has won the reputation of being Australia's richest but most underpriv leged re- source town. Gladstone, 600 kilometres north of Brisbane, is the site of the world's largest alumina refinery and generates 45 per cent of the State's total electricity. It is also an important coal loading port and i- ' further

expanded by the construction of a new aluminium smelter. In the past 10 years the population has increased by more than half, creating acute shortages of such essential services as schools, hospitals, homes and social services. The Queensland Government has become increasingly sensitive to criticism of the Slap-dash ways Gladstone has been allowec to develop. In May this year Mr Bjelke-Petersen told THE AGE that mining companies would have to greatly in- crease their contributions to provision of State services if they wanted a share of Queensland's mineral wealth. [By David Broadbent] [Excerpts] (Melbourne THE AGE in English 2 Jul 81 p 5]

PARKS-FISHING CONFLICT--The Queensland Commercial Fishermen's Organisation is challenging the state national Parks and Wildlife Service over its declaration of some national parks. Their state chairman, Mr Dale Bryant, said yesterday the organisation was considering legal action. He said the decisions could wipe out commercial and amateur fishing along Queensland's coast. The declaration of a national park over 40 percent of Princess Charlotte Bay in north Queensland would affect the estuary fishing areas for barramundi by the park's protection of al) forestry life, including fish. Mr Bryant said his 3000 strong organisa- tion had the backing of the Amateur Fishing Council ard its 20,000 members.

It would attempt a challenge of the validity of the declaration of the national park in Princess Charlotte Bay. [Excerpts] [Brisbane THE COURIER-MAIL in English 3 Jul 81 p 9]

CHEMICALS MONITORING SYSTEM--A sc.eme to monitor the potential effects of new industrial chemicals on man and the environment will c erate from October 1. The chemical industry will need to provide information on new chemicals either imported or manufactured in Australia. The information will then be collated and assessed by the Australian Environment Council's national advisory committee on chemicals. The State Minister for Conservation and the Environment, Mr Masters, who is chairman of the council, said that the new scheme would be a major step in a national plan on hazardous chemicals. The AEC also adopted a new policy as a guide to reduce cadmium emissions from industrial plants. All users of cadmium will be asked to encourage a minimum discharge by using more efficient recovery technology. [Excerpts] [Perth THE WEST AUSTRALIAN in English 4 Jul 81 p 34]

PCB DISPOSAL PROBLEM--Thousands of litres of lethal’ industrial oils are being held under tight security in Perth till a way is found for their disposal. The oils--polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)--have been used widely in the electrical industry for decades, but since 1960 have been found to be health and environ- mental hazards. A WA firm recently began disposing of the PCBs for the mining industry through a 1300C furnace, but one of the biggest holders of the oils,

the State Energy Commission, is not satisfied with the process. The SEC is holding 3600 litres of PCBs in an impervious concrete pit inside a locked build- ing surrounded by a security fence. Only three SEC officers can authorise entry to the building--south of Perth--and THE WEST AUSTRALIAN was yesterday refused permission to visit the site. Elsewhere the PCBs are transported in lined drums and stored in commercial toxic-waste stores. A spokesman for Hamersley Iron said that the company had converted all but one of its transfers to non-toxic materials. [By Paul McGeough] [Excerpt] [Perth THE WEST AUSTRALIAN in Englist. 4 Jul 81 p 10]




Islamabad THE MUSLIM in English 30 Jun 81 p 1

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TREES PLANTED TO OFFSET MANILLA POLLUTION Manila BULLETIN TODAY in English 16 Jul 61 pp 1, 8 lArticle by Brenda P, Tuazon)

(Text! The Piret Lady and Minister of Human Settlements Imelda R. Marcos called for 4 massive tree-planting program yesterday to igprove the oxygen content of the air.

Added benefits here would be the beautification of the metropolis and the earning of added income by the people, she said.

Her plan calle for the planting of 64 million trees in Metro Manila, creating forests out of idle government land and surrounding the metropolis with an “oxygen belt” of forest farms.

Metro Manila could then be a @odel for the rest of the country to follow.

in @ meeting with representatives of government and the private sector, she said that the present metropolitan ratio of three trees to one person should be increased to 6:1.

She appealed for support fror the private sector, particularly the Jaycees, Lions, Rotarians, and Kivanians.

On the government front, school supervisors and teachers will take up the brunt of the tree-planting effort, teaching the young to plant trees as their “investment for the future."

Every effort will be made to make tree planting look “fashionable and glamorous," stressing the value of trees as the source of life.

The First Lady said that the need for trees becomes even gor: pressing as the country begins converting to gasifier motors to power vehicles, boats and irri- gation systems.

She said that as the great forests of the world are being depleted, the world slowly begins to suffocate. She said that the only great forests remaining are the rain forests of Africa, the Amazon in South America and some forests in South- east Asia.

To broaden public participation, the First Lady set a bigger meeting next Wednesday in Malacanang to which heads of social clubs would be invited.

CSO: 900/4926 10



Taipei CHINA POST in Englieh 16 Jul 81 p 12


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CSO: 5000/4925




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{Text} Barbados’ Scotland District Development programme ook a closer step in becoming a reality with the approval of more than US$4 million from the Inter- American Development Bank (IDB) to assist in the uadertaking.

The IDB announced yesterday that it had approved a US$4,445,000 loan to assist the Barbados Government in stemming soil erosion in the rugged Scotland District.

The project to be undertaken by the Soil Conservation Unit of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Affairs, involves a series of conservation re- search works, including reshaping and terracing the land,

In addition, seven water courses will be established, and about 30 kilometres of Hillside Ditches wi'l be constructed to reduce slopes between the terraces.

Other activities include a massive re-afforestation programme, using sugar canes, fruit trees and forest cover legumes, and engineering works, to conserve soil and increase productivity.

The activities will be carried out on Government-owned estates and programmes will also be carried out in the district to collect and analyse soils and hydrological data.

The programme is Government's biggest step in stabilising the area which has been the scene of numerous landslides, and the collapsing of bridges especially

after a downpour.

In the past, successive Barbados Governments have been forced to erect dams, bridges and implement new drainage systems as part of the efforts in the stabili- sation programme.

Some residents have also had to resited from the area.

The Scotland District encompasses an area of about 6000 hectares, approximately one-sixth of which is owned bv Government.


The IDB said that the Soil Conservation Unit will be obtaining the services of a specialised inatitution which will provide advice on engineering machinery maintenance, and he conducting of training exercises,

"An international accounting and management firm will provide the cost accounting, financing and management information system which will be used to monitor and evaluate the results of the project," the IDB declared.

The total cost of the project is estimated at US$5.8 million, of which the IDB loan will cover 77 per cent,

The loan will be repaid over a 20-year period in semi-annual installments, the

firet of which will be due six months after the scheduled date for the lasr disbursement of the financing, the bank added.

CSO: 5000/7579



[Article by Solomon Lotshe]

(Text ] “THE GOVERNMENT is She however, expressed aiming et providing concern that in many

Resources and Water Or Chiepe said that the Alteirs, DOr Geositwe Botswana's economy was Chiepe ssid when based mainly on mineral addressing kgotie resources.

meetings in the Nkenge She explained that and North East consti- profits received trom the tuenctes. sale of minerais enabled

Dr Chrlepe added thet ihe weter wes @ major

~~ seid thet an Minteter seid thet heelth at the United Nations and @ world-wide » 22! of meeting that the decade a 1981 to 1980 should be « sr = target period for all order to carry out He countries 4 provide of

adequete drinking —* te water and sound sanitation a Ministry ~~

importance of Its training Dr Chiepe said that according to the oo.

government's programme encouraged people to ee prepare for the coming

CSO: 5000/5035


RAINS END DROUGHT--Botewana has now been declared drought-free following the good rains during the past rainy season. All drought relief measures which were un- dertaken when the country was declared ‘drought-stricken' last year, will be stopped by the beginning of July this year. A « lease from the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning issued last week states: "At a meeting of Cabinet on June 10 it was decided that as a result of the good rains those areas that have been suffering from drought over the past year, this is, Ngamiland, Chobe, and the Boteti and Bobirwa areas of Central District, should now be declared drought free. Accordingly all drought relief activities will be brought to @. end by the lst July. However, as restriction on the sale of cattle from Bobirwa have been in force since mid 1979 and will continue for at least the next five months, the 50 pula scheme will be continued in this area until further notice. The restric- tion on sales are due to the threat of Food and Mouth Disease from Zimbabwe. [Text] [Gaborone DAILY NEWS in English 15 Jun 81 p 1)

CSO: 5000/5035



(Text) Drought scourge is seriously threatening the growth of crops and animals in Filani and Tangaza local government areas of Sokoto State.

An investigation conducted by the New Nigerian revealed that almost all the crops planted in those areas have wilted.

Similarly, cows and other domestic animais in the affected areas have started show- ing visible effect of the drought on their flesh.

When the New Nigerian visited Turidi, Kelanti, Gidamadi, Tangaza and Birji, the crops planted in those areas have dried up while some farmers were yet to start weeding their farms.

Two of the three farmers interviewed said only one rainfall was recorded in their area, while the other reported that his area had two rainfalls so far.

When contacted, the sole administrator of the Filani local government, Alhaji Bello Yahaya, told the New Nigerian that the drought in the area mentioned ws “partial”. He said that the northern and the south western part of the Filani local government was more seriously affected by the drought.

He said his office had so far received drought report from Gande, Shiro, Golitto, Filani, Kusodu and Karau.

Alhaji Bello said cattle rearers had also complained about the welfare of cattle in those areas.

He disclosed that the local government had supplied drugs worth 7,000 Naira and re- lief materials to the three veterinary centres in Filani, Binji and Gande for treat ment of the cattle.

He said already, the state government had started sending relief materials like rice, millet and guinea-corn which were sold to the inhabitants of the area at subsidised rates.


Contacted, t xe state Commissioner for Agriculture a | Natural Resources, Alhaji Haruna Mafara attributed the drought to the sporadic wind which usually hit the area.

The commissioner added that, the state government would soon embark on tree plant~ ing campaign in the area with a view to containing the cituation.

Alhaji Haruna however, said the state government might not be able to succeed with- out adequate publicity on the importance of the exercise to the people.

C80: 5000/5040



FLOODS REPORTED CAUSING DAMAGE, DEATHS Traders Driven Out Lagos DAILY TIMES in English 29 Jun 81 p 41

[Excerpt] Floods have now chased out traders at the Jankara Market in the heart of Lagos Island and in a "I-don't-care" attitude, the Lagos State Island Local Government announced an increase in rents of the submerged stalls from W1.00 to 45. 00.

At the moment, the traders are busily fighting the floods in rain boots hoping to take on the state government after defeating the invading floods.

Railvay Blamed for Deaths Lagos DAILY TIMES in English 30 Jun 81 p 5

[Excerpt] A member in the Lagos State House of Assembly, Chief Samuel Alawode has blamed the week-end flood disaster in Agege on the Nigerian Railway Corporation.

Two persons were reportedly killed and thousands were rendered homeless when a torrential rain swept through the area.

Chief Alawode said during a motion for adjournment that if the Railway had built a proper bridge instead of the two narrow culverts, the disaster might have been averted,

"The two culverts were also swept away by the rains," he added,

Chief Alawode also wanted the House to discuss with the management of Guinness, measures for the proper drainage of liquid industrial waste from the factory, because as he claimed, the liquid waste had been identified as one of the major causes of flooding in some areas of the industrial estate.

CSO: 5000/5038



COOPERATION WITH FRANCE--Paris, July 1l--France and Nigeria have agreed to cooperate closely on environment problems, officials said here yesterday following a four-day visit by Nigerian Housing and Environment Minister

Wahab Dosunmu. During his stay as guest of French Environment Minister

Michel Crepeau, Mr Dosunmu toured several anti-pollution research organisations, including an experimental centre on control of water pollution in Brest, North-West France. Nigeria, which is Africa's major oil producer and exporter, is particularly interested in techniques to control oil spills, which have created social and environment problems in the oil-producing rivers and creeks area of Southern Nigeria. As a result of Mr Dosunmu's talks here, Nigerian specialists are likely to be trained in France on pollution control techniques. (AFP) [Text] [Paris AFRICA AFP in English No 2809, 10 Jul 81 p 18}

TREE PLANTING--The Agric Department of the Saminaka Local Government has developed 25,000 tree seedlings for planting in the local government area this year. Speak~ ing during the launching of tree planting, the Councillor for Agriculture of the local government, Mr. Jacob Noma, said out of the total number of the trees, 2,500 would be planted in the forestry resecve at Kudaru. He said schools and other government institutions, including companies in the area, had already been told to collect their shares of the trees. He also indicated that the remaining trees would be distributed to farmers in the area for planting on their farms. Earlier, the head of agric department, Malam Yusufu Yahaya, had expressed his appreciation for the activities of the Forestry Unit in his department. He said revenue derived from forest in the 1979 fiscal year amounted to 32,642.64 Naira, while that of 1980 period was 33,067.13 Naira. He, therefore, anticipated more revenue in the current year. Malam Yusufu urged people to plant trees not only for economic reasons but also for protection against the hazard of drought and erosion. He warned people

to stop indiscriminate burning of forest. [Text] [Kaduna NEW NIGERIAN in English 1l Jul 81 p 14)

OIL SPILLAGE--The Rivers State Chairman of the National Emergency Relief Agency, Mr Dagbo Alazigha has expressed dissatisfaction at the uncompromising attitude of the Shell Petroleum Company to the People of Bodo West over the recent oil spillage in the area. He made the remark at Bodo West recently while inspecting the blow-out area with members of the Relief Agency. [Text] [Lagos DAILY TIMES in English 7 Jul 81 p 31]

CSO: 5000/5038 20


DUST, STONE PAKTICLES POLLUTION--Meanwhile, a number of mothers have been tele- phoning the Daily News complaining that stonecrashing work undertaken by Kajima in the city area near St, Peter's Church was threatening the health of the people, especially children, The housewives said that the dust coming ovc of the works was getting into their houses as well as the church and primary school nearby. In this way they feared children were exposed to dangerous diseases that could result from inhaling the dust containing fine particles of stone. [Excerpt] [Dar es Salaam DAILY NEWS in English 10 Jul 81 p 3)

CSO: 5000/5042




Godthaab GRONLANDSPOSTEN in Danish 25 Jun 81 p 14 [Article by L.1.P.]

[Text] "“Supertankers that break up the ice and destroy the fishing routes’ Surely that is no problem for a dyed-in-the-wool Eskimo. Here are some suggestions."

That was not exactly said, but that was the idea behind a number of suggestions that the Canadian state oil company Petro-Canada made to the Canadian Eskimos.

Petro-Canada stands behind the APP [Arctic Pilot Project], and at a recent meeting in Resolute Bay on one of the arctic islands the company made about a dozen suggestions. All of the suggestions were supposed to solve the problems connected with the fact that the supertankers break up the ice and isolate a num- ber of settlements from their fishing areas.

Hans-Pavia Rosing, president of the ICC [expansion unknown], took part in the meet- ing, and he tells AG [GR@NLANDSPOSTEN | that although it is hard to understand, the suggestions were presented quite seriously to the assembled representatives of all the Eskimo settlements in Canada that are directly affected by the super- tankers.

"We learned that they had selected the best suggestions of a total of more than a hundred suggestions received in a contest," Hans-Pavia Rosing tells AG.

"The drawings speak for themselves," the president continues, “but they say some- thing very disturbing about how condescendingly the APP originators of them view our fishing culture."

Eskimo Unity

It was also evident at the Eskimo meeting in Resolute Bay that there ‘s a united front among the Eskimos in the Northwest Passage against its navigation by super- tankers.

"The people of all the settlements along the planned supertanker route are against the project,” Hans-Pavia Rosing, president of the ICC, says in a press release from the ICC secretariat in Nuuk.,


"It was confirmed at the meeting that the inhabitants along the supertanker route are definitely opposed to the route, and they are backed up by their regional and national Eskimo organizations," says Hans-Pavia Rosing.

Nans-Pavia Rosing told the participants in the meeting about the Greenland oppo - sition, and the meeting thus confirmed that a united Eskimo front exists against the plans to send supertankers through the Davis Strait and the Northwest Pas- sage. At the meeting it was also documented that there can be no question of supertankers that wou'd carry natural gas. The oil company Dome Petroleum has applied to the Canadian authorities for permission to carry oil.

“We have long suspected that they would want ship oil by tanker,” Hans-Pavia Rosing concludes, "Now the suspicion has been confirmed, and the only thing left 1s to continue to emphasize the necessity of not allowing a single supertanker to navigate those waters,"

—— ah |

estion from Petro-Canada: If the Eskimos * there is a problem, that the supertankers will break up the ice, they can simply always have a canoe with them--a canoe big enough to have snow scooters aboard. There can also be enough Eskimos that they can manage to lift the snow scooters into the canoe.

8815 CSO: 5000/2148




[Text] According to the new proposal the gas tankers will sail at a distance of about 100 km from the west coast of Greenland instead of the 40 km proposed earlier.

At the latest meeting of the Danish-Canadian study group on the Arctic Pilot Project the Canadian side presented a new 1 for the routing of the big tankers that will transport gas in liquid form from the fields off Melville Island in the northernmost part of Canada to Newfoundland. The new route is ca. 100 ke from Disko Island at the closest point. According to the earlier route proposal the ships would pass the west coast of Greenland at a distance of only 40 kn.

"But we were unable on the Denish side to concede that the new route is sore satisfactory than the earlier proposal,” a member of the group, the marine biolo- gist Poul Johansen of the Greenland fisheries research service, told AG [GRONLANDSPOSTEN }]. “It all depends on where the fish and marine nammals are. Theoretically a line 100 km from the coast may be more damaging than closer to the coast. It takes extensive study of the channel in question before one can say what route will do the least damage," says Poul Johansen.

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